top of page
  • Kendall Hawkins

The Correlation Between Returns from Non-Traditional and Traditional Investments: A Historical Analysis

Statistics on a tablet

The investment landscape is marked by a diverse array of assets, traditionally categorized into traditional investments like stocks, bonds, and cash, and non-traditional investments, including real estate, commodities, hedge funds, and collectibles. Understanding the correlation between returns from these two classes is crucial for investors aiming to diversify their portfolios and mitigate risks. This article delves into the historical context and examples that illustrate the relationship between returns from non-traditional and traditional investments.

Traditional Investments: A Brief Overview

Traditional investments have long been the cornerstone of investment portfolios, characterized by their liquidity, transparency, and regulation. Historically, stocks and bonds have offered a relatively predictable rate of return over the long term, albeit subject to market volatility and economic cycles. For instance, the S&P 500, a benchmark for U.S. equities, has experienced an average annual return of about 10% over the past century, though not without periods of significant downturns and volatility.

Non-Traditional Investments: Expanding the Horizon

Non-traditional investments often provide alternative sources of returns, with their value not necessarily tied directly to the performance of the stock market. These assets can include:

  • Real Estate: Historically, real estate investments have offered a hedge against inflation and a source of rental income, with the added potential for capital appreciation.

  • Commodities: Investments in commodities like gold have been sought after for their negative correlation with stocks and bonds, particularly as a safe haven during times of inflation or market turmoil.

  • Hedge Funds: These funds employ various strategies to achieve positive returns in both up and down markets, though they can also carry higher fees and risks.

  • Collectibles: Art, vintage cars, and rare coins have seen instances of substantial appreciation, driven by factors like rarity and cultural value.

Historical Correlation and Diversification Benefits

The correlation between traditional and non-traditional investments varies significantly across different assets and time periods, often influenced by macroeconomic factors, market conditions, and investor sentiment. For example:

  • During the 2008 financial crisis, traditional stock markets experienced substantial losses. In contrast, certain non-traditional investments like gold and some hedge funds outperformed, showcasing their potential for portfolio diversification and risk mitigation.

  • Real estate markets have often moved independently of stock markets, providing steady income and appreciation in value, though not without risks, as evidenced by the 2007-2008 housing market crash.

Notable Examples

  • Gold: In the 1970s, during a period of high inflation and economic instability, gold prices skyrocketed, while the stock market struggled.

  • Real Estate: The early 2000s saw a boom in real estate, culminating in significant gains for investors until the bubble burst in 2007-2008, contrasting with the performance of equities during the same period.

  • Art and Collectibles: The sale of Leonardo da Vinci’s "Salvator Mundi" for $450 million in 2017 highlighted the exceptional returns that can be achieved from art investments, uncorrelated with traditional market movements.

Challenges and Considerations

While non-traditional investments can offer diversification benefits and the potential for high returns, they also come with their own set of challenges, including liquidity issues, higher barriers to entry, valuation complexities, and sensitivity to different risk factors than traditional markets.


The correlation between returns from non-traditional and traditional investments has historically been complex, influenced by a myriad of factors. Non-traditional investments can provide valuable diversification benefits, potentially reducing volatility and enhancing returns. However, investors must navigate these opportunities carefully, considering their unique risks and characteristics. As with any investment strategy, a balanced, well-researched approach tailored to one's risk tolerance and investment goals is key to achieving long-term success in the dynamic world of investing.



bottom of page